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FineBuild Design Criteria

This section describes the principals that guided the FineBuild design.

Purpose

The purpose of the Wiki and the Reference Manual is to provide instructions for installing standardised builds of SQL Server. The standard FineBuild installation includes Service Pack and Cumulative Updates, various community components, and extensive configuration.

FineBuild is a SQL Server Automated Install that is written using a combination of Windows batch commands, VB Script and Powershell. It is designed so that everything it does is open and available for inspection. Where relevant, citations to external sites are given to further explain a process that may appear complicated.

All prompts normally given during the SQL Server install process are suppressed, so that FineBuild runs as a silent unattended install.

FineBuild also uses the principle of minimum possible security rights. None of the accounts needed to run or manage SQL Server need to have Windows Administrator authority - everything can operate using standard accounts.

Scope

This document describes four standard builds of SQL Server.

The quickest way to install SQL Server using FineBuild is to use one of the FineBuild Standard Builds. For people new to FineBuild, it is recommended that the Workstation Build described in the Quick Start document is completed before attempting a more complex installation.

The tasks given in the sections below must be completed to perform a standard SQL Server installation on to a database server.
- Install Preparation
- SQL Server Install
- SQL Server Fixes Install
- Extra Components Install
- SQL Server Configuration
- User Preferences Configuration

The tasks given in section Workstation Build install are only required when SQL Server is being installed on to a workstation or to a small server.

The tasks given in section Client Tools install are only required where just the client components of SQL Server are being installed.

The tasks in the Reference Manual Appendix contain advice and troubleshooting details only, and do not need to be completed during the installation process.

FineBuild is designed to work with all editions of SQL Server on both 64-bit (x64) and 32-bit (x86) versions on Windows server and client operating systems from Windows XP onwards. It can be delivered using an interactive install, a consolidated automated install, or by a distribution tool such as Altiris . To obtain the best performance, SQL Server should be installed on Windows 2012.

The reasons for performing a given task and how to complete it are given only in enough detail to provide clarity or where special emphasis is required based on the Assumptions below. It is expected that FineBuild will be periodically revised to ensure it remains relevant and consistent.

The examples in the Reference Manual feature a SQL Server 2008 install. The same process applies to installs of all the other SQL Server versions supported by FineBuild.

Compliance with Technical and Security Requirements

The builds described in this document are environment-neutral, but are designed to support applications that require rigorous technical and security requirements.

A detailed statement of compliance to security standards is not required for this document. However, when a build is instantiated on to a server, the Handover and other documentation for that server and the applications hosted on it should demonstrate compliance to site standards.

Assumptions

The way in which these procedures are written is based upon two key assumptions that allow the detail of procedures to be omitted from this document:

Competency of Staff

The document is targeted at staff within a Database Administration Team and it is expected that staff will be familiar with work that is relevant to their own role. Where tasks can be assumed to be within the competence of the individuals performing the role, detailed procedures have been omitted.

Staff should seek assistance from their management if they are unsure of the best methodology to use or the procedure to be followed.

Availability of Other Documentation

Many documents are referenced in these procedures, e.g. in-house produced documents and checklists, SQL Server Books Online (BOL), as well as external material that is regarded as best practice. Individuals who need detailed information on how to perform a particular task or administrative procedure are expected to consult this information.

Server Hardware and Operating System

The configuration of the server hardware and operating system that will host SQL Server is outside the scope of FineBuild. It is assumed that the server hardware and operating system will have been configured so they are adequate to support the expected workload.

Copyright © 2011 - 2013 Edward Vassie. License and Acknowledgements
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Last edited May 11, 2013 at 12:35 PM by EdVassie, version 9

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